Later, the emperors of the Northern Qi Dynasty were so “fond of Qiuci music”that it was almost “like an addiction” During the Northern Zhou Dynasty, Wudi Emperor, Yuwen Yong, sought for a marriage with the Turki khan family in 568 AD. As part of the dowry, the Turk princess, Ashina brought with her a huge Western Regions musicand-dance troupe composed of 300 people from Qiuci, Sulek, Bukhara and Samarkand, thus introducing the fine art of music and dance of the Western Regions to the Central Plains once again. Many artists brought by the Turki princess later became significant figures in the Chinese music history, of whom the one with the biggest contribution was Sujup, a musical theorist from Qiuci. Sujup taught Han musicians the Qiuci musical theory of “Five Modes and Seven Notes”. The establishment and application of this theory improved the temperament system of the entire Chinese nation as it set up the standards for music and deeply impacted the music in the Sui and Tang Dynastieså¹½.During the Sui and Tang period, every household on the Central Plains “learnt northwestern music” and the court music was also dominated by minority repertoire. Wendi Emperor of Sui defined “seven music categories”,three of which were from the Western

Regions. Yangdi Emperor of Sui expanded the categories to nine, with five from the Western Regions. In the Tang Dynasty, Taizong Emperor defined “ten music categories”,which included music from Qiuci, Sulek^ Bukhara, Samarkand,Korea, Western Liang, Gaochang, banquet music, ancient Chinese music and Indian music. Among the ten categories, Western Regions produced six, or seven, if Western Liang music was also counted, which was a“variation of Qiuci music,,J23. Qiuci music was held in high esteem and called “top of the minority categories” If we take into account other music spreading to the east from the Western Regions, such as that of Yutian, Yanqi, Turks, Yueban, Qirqiz, Maimargh, Kesh and Yizhou, then the music of the Western Regions definitely had an overwhelming dominance.

Another piece worth mentioning in China kultur - Kultur von China Xinjiang music-anddance is the Twelve Muqa'm, a classical work of folk music, dance and poetry that gradually and slowly came into being on the basis of Qiuci, Sulek^ Yutian and other ancient Xinjiang music, with complementary musical instruments and melodies from Islamic countries such as Arabia and Persia. The Twelve Muqam consists of twelve suites, each having three repertoires—Chong Naghma, Dastan and Mashrap, with lyrics made of famous poems, ballads or folk tale verses. In its long history, Muqam underwent two major consolidations.

In 1219 (the 12th year of Jiading reign of Song Dynasty), Chinggis Khan started his west expedition to revenge Khwarozm for killing Mongol envoy. In the fall of that year, the Mongol troops arrived at Otrar at lower Syr River. Divided into several groups, the Mongol troops took all the cities along the Huzhang River and then the capital city of Khwarozm Chinggis Khan and his youngest son Tolui headed the main forces and captured Bukhara and Samarkand. Early in 1221 (the 14th year of Jiading reign of Song Dynasty), they crossed the Amu River and occupied Balkh and Talihan. In the meantime, Chinggis Khan sent troops to pursue the last monarch of Khwarozm Jebe and his troops fought all the way to the west along the Khurasan Road in Central Asia, crossed the Caucasus, defeated Kepqak on the steppe in South Russia, and arrived Bolga near Kasan in today's Russia before setting out for the return journey. The Mongol troops' military operations in Central Asia, Iran, Russia and East Europe were extremely merciless as they leveled cities and killed people wantonly, which led to huge human casualty and colossal property losses on the part of the invaded areas. However, in both the northern and southern pans of the Tianshan Mountains, the Mongol troops were restrained since local chiefs took the initiative to pledge allegiance.

On the eve of the west expedition, Chinggis Khan divided the areas in the Western Regions that had been and would be occupied among his three elder sons, Jochi, Chagatai and Ogedei. Based on History of Conquerors in the World by Jeflhey^, Collection of History by Lashet (pronunciation) and records by Omar (pronunciation), contemporary scholars believe that “roughly speaking, the area west of Shi River in Yer, north of today's Aral Sea and Caspian Sea belonged to Jochi; the former territory of Western Liao, between Uygur and Transoxiana, belonged to Chagatai; and from Yemili to the north, the area of former Nayman tribe that included part of today's Kara-Ertix River and Altay Mountains belonged to Ogedei,,J221. The land division made by Chinggis Khan laid down the groundwork for the regime pattern in the Western Regions during the Mongol period.

After Chinggis Kharis death, Ogedei, Queen Toregene Khatu, Guyuk, Queen Oghul Ghaymish and Mongke took power one after another. During that period, in 1236 (the 3rd year of Duanping reign of Song Dynasty), Ogedei sent his “eldest son for west expedition,Guerreros el recinto de la tumba de terracota,,and perished Kepqak and Bolga, conquered Russia, and swept Eastern European areas such as Poland and Hungary , shaking the Christian world. After succeeding to the Great Khanship, Mongke sent Hulegu onto a “west expedition”,who wiped out the Assasins(the extremist division of Islamic Ismailis advocating assassination) in today's Iran and the Abbasid Empire in West Asia, then marched further to Syria, and finally returned home after being frustrated at Ain Jalut in today's Palestine.


Some people think that it is bad to file for bankruptcy. If you are in large financial debts, it is not that easy to wriggle out. Living with debt is itself a harrowing situation – something not suitable for any sane person. Contacting a Hagerstown bankruptcy lawyer can help you to learn more about the situation. The following statistics can help you to understand that filing for bankruptcy is not a bad thing at all. Did you know that in the year 1999, approximately 1.3 million individuals had filed for bankruptcy to distance themselves away from the usual complications of having bad debt?


The stigma associated with going bankrupt or filing for bankruptcy simply does not exist anymore. People need to get immediate relief from their debts. And filing for bankruptcy is the best option that is available to them at present.


Bankruptcy law is diverse and are also actually quite convoluted. Only those who have many years of experience will be able to guide their clients in a proper way. The guidance offered by them will help the clients to lead a happy and worry free life.


Many people, in fact, want to know the minimum time required for the effect of filing for bankruptcy to take place. An automatic effect will come into the scene soon after the filing process. The creditors will not be able to harass you or your family members anymore. The system will also stop all wage garnishments / foreclosures immediately.


It can however take some time to get the debts discharged. If you are filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, then it is better to wait a minimum of three to eight months to see the discharge of the debts. Do bear in mind that one will have to meet up with the payment plan requirements to see the actual debt discharge.


Filing for bankruptcy might appear like a good thing to do in certain instances. However, it is not the ultimate method that can protect you in an effective manner. The process does come with its own share of shortcoming too. Make it a point your options with a lawyer.

  1. 2.    Better Management of Religious Affairs in Accordance with the Law

Contrary to integration of government and religion, separation of government and religion means that religion shall not interfere in the state's administrative, judicial and educational Endeavour, while the state regards all religions as equals and protects normal religious activities. In the history of Xinjiang, the Islamic faith had close connections with local regime for a long time and was considerably influential in politics, economy, education and other aspects of the community. The democratic reform and religious system reform in 1950s repealed religion's feudalist privileges as well as its oppressive and exploitative system, and achieved separation of government and religion. Religious belief thus became personal matters of citizens, and people began to truly enjoy the right to the freedom of religious belief and the right to receive scientific and cultural knowledge.

Under the principle of separation of government and religion, religion must be divorced from the regime of the state and refrain from getting involved in the political life of the state, and the state manages religious affairs according to law. The major components of that principle are as follows:

  1. The state's policies and laws are formulated and implemented by the administrative and judicial departments of the government, religious organizations or the clergy shall not interfere in that process. The internal affairs of religions are handled by the respective religious organizations in accordance with their own programmes and regulations, and the state will not interfere either.
  2. Religion has no privilege transcending the Constitution and other laws, nor can it interfere in the implementation of state functions in the administrative, judicial and educational fields. Religious matters and activities concerning national or communal interests shall be incorporated into lawful management. Religious organizations undertake obligations prescribed by law.
  3. The state earnestly guarantees the freedom of religious belief, ensures orderly proceeding of various religious activities and protects legitimate interests of religious organizations. For that purpose, the state and Xinjiang autonomous region government have formulated, in accordance with the law, many essential methods and regulations to standardize management over religion. Such methods and regulations include Regulations of the People's Republic of China on the Management

of Religious Activities of Aliens within Its Territory, Provisional Regulations of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region on the Management of Religious Sites, Provisional Regulations of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region on the Management of Religious Activities, and Regulations Viajar al tibet of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of the Management of Religious Affairs.

  1. It is not allowed to resume abolished religious feudalist privileges and religious oppressive and exploitative system, nor is it allowed to use religion to oppose the CPC leadership or socialist system, impair national or communal interests, or harm other citizens' legitimate rights.

A becoming number of monetary organizers profit just when you pay them an expense for their insight. These autonomous budgetary organizers don't get a cut from life safety net providers or trust organizations. You may pay them a level expense, for example, $1,500, for a budgetary arrangement. Alternately you could pay a yearly charge, regularly 1% of every last one of advantages venture, retirement, school investment funds and different records they're minding for you. Others charge by the hour, in the same way as legal advisors.

You may likewise experience monetary organizers who provide food only to the rich and decline customers with short of what $250,000 to contribute. Don't think about it literally tremendously fruitful organizers would simply want to manage huge records instead of learner customers. You need an organizer who'll set aside a few minutes to spotlight on your worries and is keen on developing with you.

Should You Use a doctors accounting Planner?

You can unquestionably go only it in terms of dealing with your cash. At the same time you could likewise attempt to do it without anyone's help with regards to auto repair. In both zones, doing it without anyone's help is a splendid thought for some, and an imperfect arrangement for some, numerous others. Mastering individual fund requires numerous hours of exploration and learning. For most, its not justified regardless of the time and continuous exertion.

As you get more established, busier and (it is trusted) more rich, your money related objectives – and choices – get more convoluted. A money related aide can spare you time.

Money related organizers can likewise help you stay restrained about your budgetary methods. They'll make the moves for you or badger you until you make them yourself. Lingering can result in different types of cash issues or hidden potential, so it pays to have somebody riding you to stay on track.

We're not recommending that you overlook individual back and turn over all your worries to a counselor. Yet regardless of the fact that you know the rudiments, its a solace to realize that you have somebody keeping watch over your cash.

It may sound insane to give somebody 1% of your yearly advantages for oversee them, however you get a smorgasbord of exhortation about very nearly anything identified with individual account.

Specialists recompense premiums can rapidly turn into the single biggest protection strategy for some sorts of business. Organizations in the administration exchanges, development or assembling pay generally high rates for laborers recompense protection. At Safeguard Insurance, we need to help you control the expense of your protection. Here are a few tips to keep your laborers payment premiums low.

Be proactive about workers compensation insurance rates. This is most likely the most self-evident, yet numerous entrepreneurs don't see how imperative this genuinely is. Your laborers payment rates are straightforwardly influenced by case history. About every business is doled out an experience modifier by NCCI (the rating authority for Nevada). This experience modifier (likewise called the e-mod) is a credit or charge allocated to your business focused around misfortune history. The e-mod can significantly bring down your general rates in the event that you have an astounding case record. Then again, it can result in a radical increment in premium if your case history is unfavorable. Being proactive about worker wounds means guaranteeing all important security supplies and safeguards are taken. It means having reliable and compelling security gatherings with workers. Entrepreneurs ought to consider a no-mischances prizes program and designate a wellbeing executive or director.

Survey your order codes at any rate yearly. How your representatives are ordered can have a gigantic effect in the value you pay for laborers remuneration protection. It is discriminating you audit what your representatives are doing no less than each replenishment to verify they are grouped accurately. We ordinarily discover organizations that have workers misclassified and, accordingly, are paying excessively for specialists recompense. Entrepreneurs can likewise contact NCCI straightforwardly to examine the grouping codes utilized by their protection bearer.

Check for statutory payroll constrains on your review. Did you realize that a few states, including Nevada, have a statutory payroll top every representative? With the end goal of laborers remuneration rating, just the first $36,000 of yearly compensation every representative is considered. We have seen numerous reviews where that top was disregarded and the entrepreneur was charged for the horrible payroll, regardless of numerous workers surpassing the yearly top.

In conclusion, in the event that you not a client of Safeguard Insurance, consider giving us a chance to give you with a quote to your specialists remuneration protection. With our multi-organization approach, chances are we can help you discover a superior cost with first rate administration.

 Because of tough economic situations, many people are more prone to going bankrupt. Needless to say, going bankrupt is one of the hardest things in life. For instance, you home or vehicle may be repossessed.

Although many people hesitate to look for a bankruptcy attorney and choose to file bankruptcy on their own, there are several benefits of hiring a bankruptcy lawyer. Some of the benefits include;For one, bankruptcy law is complex and unique. Without the right, skilled and experienced attorney, you will not file bankruptcy correctly. You are likely to miss exemptions that protect your property from sale, or worse, you may fail certain debts that would be included in the bankruptcy discharge. It is very important to hire a bankruptcy lawyer to know how you can perfectly pursue bankruptcy in a cost effective way.Bankruptcy attorney will also help to ease the debt. For example, if you are not yet bankrupt, but you cannot pay the debt within the allotted period, you can save your possessions by declaring bankrupt. The bankruptcy attorney will assist you in getting the assistance for the loans and debts you are not able to pay. This is especially ideal if the loan is unsecured.

The attorney will advise you on the best option to cancel the debts along with savings.

A Bankruptcy attorney is very important during bankruptcy proceedings. The attorney offers invaluable assistance during the case. The attorney will explain all the legal issues with bankruptcy cases in a language that you can simply understand.

The lawyer will offer legal advice that will help in making the right decision. An attorney will help to analyze critical things like debt and income to determine if bankruptcy is the most ideal option.The attorney will also work to secure your future. Because they are very experienced in dealing with bankruptcy issues, they are best placed to offer a new start and help you make the most convenient move that will help to handle future debts.

As stated earlier, bankruptcy is one of the hardest things in life. The attorney will offer advice to help cope with bankruptcy. Although it is difficult to cope with, the attorney can advice you on the best ways to cope with bankruptcy and also how you can recoup bank your finances.

Another very important benefit of a frederick bankruptcy attorney is that they let you relax before and during court proceedings and let you plan your future. Undoubtedly, if you are faced with bankruptcy, it is very important to hire a bankruptcy attorney.

After the Minguo reign began, Xinjiang was under separatist rule for a long time. The coup d'etat provided the Kuomintang Nanjing government yet another chance to gain control over Xinjiang. The Kuomintang had some activities in Xinjiang before rising to the ruling party position. However, it could not develop its organizations there smoothly due to the obstructions from the warlord Yang Zengxin. In 1927, the Nanjing government was established, and the July 7 Coup d'Etat took place in Xinjiang the next year. After Jin Shuren took power, the Kuomintang took its chance to extend its influence into Xinjiang through the policy of“party first, government second”, aiming at gradually controlling that area. However, the warlord Jin Shuren refused, under the pretext of complexity of local ethnic situation, to accept people sent over to Xinjiang by the central committee of the Kuomintang to guide the party affairs there. The Nanjing government was thwarted in its attempt to control Xinjiang. Around the time of the April 12 Coup d'Etat in 1933, the anti-Jin forces contacted the branch of the Kuomintang in Xinjiang Province many times and invited Gong Bicheng, who was sent by the Kuomintang central committee to work in the provincial branch, to be senior advisor to the post-coup provisional government. The Kuomintang was faced with another opportunity to control Xinjiang. However, Sheng Shicai claimed himself pro-Soviet and seized the military and political power in Xinjiang with the aid of external forces.

After taking the post of Supervisor for Border Defence, in order to secure his ruling position, Sheng claimed himself pro-Soviet, progressive and a believer in Marxism-Leninism Casa del Bainqen Erdini tibet, and contacted the Soviet Union by various means, with the hope of getting military assistance. In July 1933, an inter­agency meeting of the Soviet government was convened under the presidency of Deputy People's Commissar on Foreign Affairs (equivalent to vice foreign minister), Soklinkov (pronunciation). The meeting discussed the situation in Xinjiang and adopted a proposal to the politburo of the central committee of the Soviet Communist Party (Bolshevik). On June 27, 1933, the politburo set up a committee to “study Soviet policies in Xinjiang” headed by Frosilov (pronunciation), chairman of the defence committee. On August 3, based on recommendations of the special committee, the politburo of the Soviet Communist Party(Bolshevik) gave an “Instruction on Work Concerning Xinjiang”, which was almost a complete copy of the original proposal from the inter-agency meeting.

Practically all managers are obliged to convey Workers' Compensation protection scope, however the particular points of interest can change by state. There are number of issues identified with laborers' remuneration scope that are either obscure to most, or effectively misconstrued. Here are five tips that will better help you deal with your specialists' payment protection:

1. Thinking little of payroll on your workers compensation insurance

Toward the end of your arrangement period a last review may be directed to catch your real payroll for the approach term and focus your last premium. On the off chance that your payroll is higher than evaluated, you will owe extra premium. In the event that it is lower, you will get a return premium.

Whether a review is finished can be reliant on the extent of your premium or the state you are found in. On the off chance that your approach yearly premium is short of what $3,500, you might just get examined like clockwork. Most organizations would prefer not to owe extra premium at review time, so it is paramount to remember that if your business develops, or you purchase an alternate area your payroll will become too, and it will probably be altogether higher than what you assessed for the year. It is astute to anticipate an increment in premium because of higher payroll by putting cash aside to pay the premium that will be expected closing the review.

2. Laborers' Compensation Audits

Your laborers' remuneration review ought to be considered important, as it can bring about a considerable premium increment if not tended to. In the event that an entrepreneur picks not to react to a laborers' recompense examiner, the inspector will handle the review with a programmed increment in payroll of half. The entrepreneur will be charged for the extra premium focused around the programmed payroll increment. It is in the policyholder's best enthusiasm to be responsive if reached by an evaluator.

3. Officer Inclusion/Exclusion and Election of Coverage Form

Laws with respect to covering or barring officers for scope on your Work Comp strategy fluctuate by state. You may be lawfully needed to submit an Election of Coverage Form to the Insurance Bureau in your state. To guarantee that your decision to incorporate or avoid officers under your laborers' recompense approach is legitimately archived, please contact your protection program agent. We support our clients in finishing any documentation precisely to help dodge shock premiums due at review. On the off chance that the correct Election of Coverage Form is not submitted auspicious, it may affect the premium ascertained upon review, or scope gave in the occasion of a misfortune.

On June 17, 1946, the Soviet Ministry of Home Affairs and Ministry of National Security “called Elihan Torae Sabilhojayev, former Chairman of the ‘Government of East Turkistan Republic,, back to the Soviet Union”. On June 27, the “government of East Turkistan Republic” held its last committee meeting, at which it was announced that the government relinquished all its power in accordance with the peace agreement and that the “Republic” itself would cease to exist函.The plot of the top feudalist and religious figures headed by Elihan Torae, who was a “Pan-Islamist” and“Pan- Turkist” activist, to utilize popular uprisings to split Xinjiang came to a total failure. Resolution 324 of the government committee provided that

  1. the government committee of the “East Turkistan Republic”was reorganized into the Senate of Ili Special Region of “East Turkistan”, with 32 members, led by Akimbeg Hoja and Abduhail Torae, who served as President and Vice President of the Senate respectively;
  2. former government departments were reorganized into director-general-level agencies of Ili Special Administration;
  3. Tacheng and Ashan special administrations would be readjusted appropriately by the newly- organized provincial government as it saw fit after June 28; and
  4. the former official newspaper of the three-region government Liberated East Turkistan was changed to the official newspaper of Ili圆.

Thanks to the fight of the revolutionary faction spearheaded by Ahmatjan and Abbasov and the concerted hard work of people of all ethnic groups in the three regions and the entire Xinjiang as well as the Soviet Union's full support and coordination, after going through arduous and complex struggles, the three-region revolutionary movement finally broke away from the directional mistake of separation and anti-Hanism committed by the clique of Elihan Torae. The movement saw a secondary revolution from within and came back to the correct path of opposing the exploitation and oppression of the Kuomintang reactionaries. It was then, and only then, did the three-region revolution become part of the emancipation struggles of the entire Chinese people once again and part of the Chinese Democratist Revolution. Leaders of the three-region revolution then joined hands with the CPC and continued to fight for the total emancipation of people of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang.

However, the afore-mentioned Resolution 324 of the threeregion government still left a “little tail”, which was: Xinjiang continued to be called “East Turkistan” in that resolution, instead of the universally recognized name of “Xinjiang province”; and Ili was called Ili Special Region of “East Turkistan”. That showed the obstinacy of splittist forces and the complexity and long-termness of the anti-separation struggles in Xinjiang (particularly in the area of ideology).

On July 1, 1946, the coalition government of Xinjiang province was set up, and members of the provincial government were sworn in Rio yangtze crucero at the West Building of Dihua. As set forth in the agreement, Ahmatjan Qasim and seven other leading members of the three-region revolution served as members of the new provincial coalition government committee, accounting for 47% of the total (17 persons). Ahmatjan and the other seven released a joint statement To People of All Ethnic Groups in Xinjiang, which included the following paragraph:

“We declare that the government of ‘East Turkistan Republic’founded in Ili, Tacheng and Ashan special regions has completed its mission and that each of the three special regions is now under the direct administration of the provincial coalition government. In accordance with the signed Terms of Peace, people throughout the province have been given the unprecented maximum rights in our province. Unity and peace are realized within the whole province on the basis of liberation, equality, freedom and democracy.”